CARDINAL Francois Marty, Abbey of Paris from 1969 to 1981, was dead on Wednesday back his Citroen 2CV, trapped amid the barriers of a level-crossing, was scythed through by a commuter train. He was 89 and had been active in retirement in the Dominican abode at Villefranche- de-Rouergue, his home town, consistently acceptable for an account or a reminiscence.
Marty was appointed abetting abbey of Saint-Flour in 1952 on the admonition of Abbey Angelo Roncalli, again agent to France, the approaching Pope John XXIII. He remembered this ample barbarian farmer’s son and animated him to Abbey of Rheims in 1960.
Because of the cardinal of dioceses in France – 91 – the Archbishops anatomy a affectionate of close council. Marty was appropriately an important amount in the Vatican Board back it accumulated in 1962. Admitting not one of the ‘stars’, he allowable absorption because of his pastoral accustomed faculty and his acquaintance with the priest-worker movement. The French addition to the Board was the abundantly unrealised banality that Christendom was over and the Abbey in Western Europe bare missionary outreach.
The Abbey had to apprentice by alert to unbelievers or ‘atheists’ and not aloof seek to abnegate them. On 28 September 1965, Marty fabricated his big accent to the Board on ‘modern atheism’. Much of what he said articulate like a acknowledgment to Jean-Paul Sartre’s L’Existentialisme est un humanisme. He declared: ‘Whether he is a positivist, a Marxist, or absorbed with existentialism, the agnostic is not a man who denies God systematically. What he refuses is acceptance in God in so far as such acceptance seems to him an apparition which diminishes man.’
According to Marty, the agnostic – he meant the French agnostic – thinks he is putting advanced ‘a bulletin of salvation, an belief and a adherence which are added acknowledged in carrying man from the servitudes which abuse him than the earlier belief fatigued from religious inspiration’. The Christian acknowledgment was to codify a Christian humanism which would ‘distinguish in adjustment to unite’ angelic and abusive history, the accustomed and the supernatural, Christian achievement and alluvial achievement (conveniently acclaimed in French as esperance and espoir).
Paul VI, like Marty brought up on Jacques Maritain and Emmanuel Mounier, admired this approach. It had a absolute aftereffect on the analysis of atheism in Gaudium et Spes, the Council’s pastoral constitution, and on the Secretariat for Non-believers that was advised to apparatus it. Marty was a agog affiliate of the Secretariat. He seemed befuddled already back I appropriate that the British agnostic was beneath acceptable to be a apprentice of Marx and Sartre than a weary Lockean empiricist blame a bike uphill. ‘Ah, les Anglo-Saxons]’ he remarked in quiet Cartesian despair.
In March 1968 Paul VI confused him to Paris, area he became the Primate of France (as audible from the Primate of the Gauls in the added age-old see of Lyons). No eventually had he accustomed than the ‘events of May’ befuddled French association to its core. Some of Marty’s theses on atheism were absolute in the ‘events’. One of the slogans corrective up at the Sorbonne was Georges Bernanos’ adage ‘La anarchy sera spirituelle, ou elle ne sera pas’.
The after-effects of 1968 in the activity of the French abbey were unsettling. Priests formed a array of trades abutment and angrily accustomed the appropriate to assignment and to marry. Students at the Institut Catholique in Paris approved to abate their advisers to ‘resource persons’, like encyclopaedias cat-and-mouse to be consulted on a shelf. Structuralism invaded theology. There was wild-cat inter-communion (inter-communion sauvage).
Marty did not panic. His apprehensive origins now stood him in acceptable stead. He formed his ‘r’s like the peasants of his region. No glossy Parisian intellectual, he could comedy the agenda of adorable folksiness and rural bluntness. He was asked on television whether he was ashamed to see a photograph of himself in France-Soir sitting in a bistro chatting with the barman.
Marty replied: ‘The abundant affliction of the Abbey of Paris is to accept to absorb best of his time in an office, administration problems, account reports, answering questions . . . At times the burden is so abundant that I get up and airing the streets, aloof as Christ did . . . The added day, on such a walk, I anesthetized the abode of a man from my village. What would my ancestor accept said if he knew I had anesthetized by after endlessly and not annoyed his hand?’
Marty befuddled easily with anybody – with Marxists, Muslims, casual workers, the lapsed, the fervent. He drew the band at the followers of Abbey Marcel Lefebvre, whom he saw as the unrepentant followers of Action Francaise and the Vichy regime. They had never accustomed the French Revolution. There were ballsy disputes, and the activity of the Abbey of St Nicholas du Chardonnay. Marty could accept alleged in the badge to bandy them out, but he did not.
Marty reorganised the anatomy of the area of Paris, authoritative auxiliaries actively amenable for altered sectors of the city. He delegated. His watchword was co-responsibility at all levels. The assignment of an abbey was not to run the appearance but to be a ‘centre of discernment’.
In 1971 the Parisian bishops were due to analysis their assignment over the aftermost bristles years. To anticipate Rome and Paris afloat apart, and to accord applied announcement to ‘collegiality’, at Marty’s advancement they met in Rome in the attendance of Paul VI. It was a alive affair annular a table, not a accepted ad limina audience. Delighted admitting a bit abashed by the experience, Paul VI anticipation Paris should become the archetypal for added ample city dioceses. The furnishings continued to Sao Paolo, Brazil, and elsewhere.
The admiral of the French apostolic appointment is adopted for a anchored term. Marty accomplished his assignment in 1975 and acquainted freer to accurate his claimed angle and booty on the French government. He denounced the French accoutrements trade, declaring that ‘we cannot abandon ourselves to authoritative money by agreement the instruments of afterlife in the easily of others’. His alone acknowledgment was to accept that the botheration was added complicated than he aboriginal thought.
He retired on 31 January 1981, on extensive the age of 75. According to tradition, he was bashful as the grave about his successor, the amazing Jewish catechumen Cardinal Jean-Marie Lustiger, and on the ‘new Pope’, John Paul II, who had appointed him.
Born in Pechins, north-east of Toulouse, in 1904, Marty advised at the bounded seminary and the Catholic Institute of Toulouse. His argument was on ‘Modernism’. He anticipation it asked some of the appropriate questions, a adventurous position in the 1920s. Advancing in 1930, he was a archdiocese priest until 1951, back he became Vicar-General and Abbey of Saint-Flour.
On his retirement he said: ‘I capital to be for anybody a man of God and a brother, both for those who believed in God and those who didn’t’ Not a bad epitaph.
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